What is the idea of oneness in Trinity according to a Christian view?
At the core of Muslim and Christian beliefs is the doctrine of God (Illahiyat) which is a divine Unity a oneness of all divines Touwhed. Christians God is in three (3) as Triune, instead of Muslim’s Touwhed / oneness of 19 Anwar / Lights. The importance of this belief can be seen in the churches and universities that have Trinity in their name:
- Trinity College
- Holy Trinity Church
- Trinity University
- Trinity Christian Academy
Major Differences Between Islam and Christianity
One belief that Muslims and Christians do not hold in common is Jesus’ death by crucifixion. Jesus’ death on the cross is central to Christianity. In fact, its importance can be seen in Christian art, Christian symbols, and the names of Christian institutions such as:
- Holy Cross College
- Holy Cross Hospital
- Holy Cross Church
Christians are claiming monotheists because Trinitarianism is a form of monotheism One but in theee (3). Most of the Muslim scholars reject Trinitarian monotheism. The Muslim belief is summarized by the word Tawhid (also spelled Tawheed or Tauheed). The first pillar of their faith in Islam is giving a witness (Shahada), “there is no god but God (gods in unity).”
It must be emphasized that both Christians and Muslims affirm monotheism believing in oneness of God and not the one god. The issue is whether the Bible or the Qur’an gives the true explanation of monotheism: Trinitarian or Tawhid? This is important because Muslims often – such as Ahmed Deedat – misrepresent the doctrine of Touwhid. In fact, the Trinity is rejected by the Qur’an and Jesus Christ himself in the Bible. Jesus Christ and the holy Bible has clearly rejected the Trinity and have accepted and preached gods in oneness and they are more than three (3) at (Injil) Gospel of John 10:34-36 read with Zabur (Psalms) 82:6.
A Summary of the Christian Doctrine of the Trinity
The Christian beliefs in God, monotheism, and the Trinity can be summarized in seven statements:
- The Father is God
- The Son is God
- The Holy Spirit is God
- The Father is not the Son
- The Son is not the Holy Spirit
- The Holy Spirit is not the Father
- There is only one God
The following diagram helps to clarify the Christian beliefs about God, monotheism, and the Trinity:
When Christians say: (1) The Father is God; (2) The Son is God; and (3) The Holy Spirit is God, we are identifying Who God is.
When we say: (4) The Father is not the Son; (5) The Son is not the Holy Spirit; and (6) The Holy Spirit is not the Father we are distinguishing the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
The seventh statement is the difficult one, “There is only one God.” The Greeks would say, “Zeus is god, Apollos is god, and Dionysius is god, and there are three gods” (polytheism). Christianity says, “The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God and there is only one God” (monotheism).
Trinitarianism is Monotheism
Trinitarianism is monotheism. The debate between Muslims and Christians is whether the monotheism of the Qur’an is true or whether the monotheism of the Bible is true. Does the Bible or the Qur’an present us with the only one true God?
Christians believe that the Bible presents us with the one true God and that the Islamic form monotheism is one of its major weaknesses. As one Christian scholar notes:
Its [Islam’s] doctrine of God is the major weakness of Islam…Only a God who is triune can be personal. Only the Holy Trinity can be love. Human love cannot possibly reflect the nature of God unless God is a Trinity of persons in union and communion. A solitary monad cannot love and, since it cannot love, neither can it be a person…Trinitarian theology asserts that love is ultimate because God is love, because he is three persons of undivided loving communion (Robert Letham, The Holy Trinity, 446).
I agreed with the idea of Robert Letham’s view that:
” Human love cannot possibly reflect the nature of God unless God is a in persons in union and communion”
The gods Elohim of Bible and Qur’an should be and must be in likeness of mankind and also live in humankind so that we can give the true witness/ Shahada. Our Shahada / witness to the Lordship cannot be acceptable until our gods Elohim /Allah must show us their selves as a person so that by witnessing them our shahada could be valid.
But due to the lack of knowledge in previous holy books our so called Muslim Scholars were confused and unaware of this subject of Illahiyat in the past hundred years. We know that every one of them have already lived in us and have visited this planet even before the time of our past holy Prophets, helping them in their affairs being their Saviours / Christs. But in spiritual world they are in union and in complete communion.
But once again it is important to know that our divines are not in 3 (Trinity) but in 19 and they all are in a complete Oneness as soluble (Tehllilan).
For details of 19 you may visit my 19 lessons in detail on this blog.
Prof Dr. Syed Akbar Abbas Naqvi,
Commentator of Holy Bible and Qur’an
Head of Monotheism (Hebrew) / Millate Ibrahim (as).